Joost Zwarts: Writings before 2014


(with Anja Goldschmidt) Hitting the nail on the head: Force vectors in verb semantics In Mary Moroney, Carol-Rose Little, Jacob Collard, and Dan Burgdorf, eds., Proceedings of the 26th Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference, held at the University of Texas at Austin May 12-15, 2016. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America, 433-450.

(with Renato Basso) Counterdirectionality cross-linguistically: Comparing Brazilian Portuguese and Dutch. Revista da ABRALIN 15.1, 19-44.

Boekbespreking van: Jeroen Van Craenenbroeck en Guido Vanden Wyngaerd, Formele semantiek. Een inleiding in de formele analyse van betekenis. Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde 132.1, 5-6.

Ways of Going Back: A Case Study in Spatial Direction. In Matthew Faytak, Matthew Goss, Nicholas Baier, John Merrill, Kelsey Neely, Erin Donnelly & Jevon Heath, eds., Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society, 425-443.

(with Bert le Bruyn & Henriëtte de Swart) From HAVE to HAVE-verbs: Relations and incorporation. Lingua 182: 49-68.

(with Peter Gärdenfors) Locative and directional prepositions in conceptual spaces: The role of polar convexity. Journal of Language, Logic and Information 25.1, 109-138.


Out of phase: Form-meaning mismatches in the prepositional phrase. In I. Toivonen, P. Csúri, & E. van der Zee, eds., Structures in the Mind: Essays on Language, Music, and Cognition in Honor of Ray Jackendoff. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 63-78.

Conceptual spaces, features, and word meanings: The case of Dutch shirts. In Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors, eds., Applications of Conceptual Spaces: The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation (Synthese Library Vol 359). Dordrecht: Springer, 57-78.


(with Sascha Morel and Albert Postma) The dangerous ambiguity of prepositions, a video made by REDRUM, funded by Neuroscience and Cognition Utrecht.

Weak Referentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Edited by Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn, and Joost Zwarts.

Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn, & Joost Zwarts, Advances in weak referentiality, In Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn & Joost Zwarts, eds., Weak Referentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1-16.

Functional frames in the interpretation of weak nominals. In Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn & Joost Zwarts, eds., Weak Referentiality. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 265-286.

Directionele PP's als predikaten (of niet). Nederlandse Taalkunde/Dutch Linguistics 19.2, 255-275.

Voorwerpen met voorzetsels. Nederlandse Taalkunde/Dutch Linguistics 19.2, 245-247.


(with Bert Le Bruyn & Henriëtte de Swart) Have, with and without. In Todd Snider, ed., Proceedings of SALT 23, 535 -548.

(with Ana Aguilar-Guevara) Weak definites refer to kinds. Recherches linguistiques de Vincennes 42, 33-60.

Lidwoord weg: kale nomina in een absolute constructie. Nederlandse Taalkunde 18.2, 222-227.

(with Ana Aguilar-Guevara) Definidos fracos denotam especies. Revista da ABRALIN 12.1, 77-123.

From N to N: The anatomy of a construction. Linguistics and Philosophy 36.1, 65-90.

(with Bert Le Bruyn & Henriëtte de Swart). Quantificational prepositions. In T. Graf, D. Paperno, A. Szabolcsi & J. Tellings, eds., Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan. Los Angeles: UCLA Working Papers in Linguistics, 187-196.


(with Chris Blom, Philippe de Groote & Yoad Winter) Implicit Arguments: Event Modification or Option Type Categories? In M. Aloni et al. eds., Amsterdam Colloquium 2011. LNCS 7218. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, 240ñ250.


(with Bert Le Bruyn & Henriëtte de Swart) Mass-count distinctions in bare PPs. Ms. Utrecht University.

(with Yoad Winter) Event semantics and abstract categorial grammar. In M. Kanazawa et al., eds. Mathematics of Language 12. LNAI 6878. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 174-191.

(with Sander Lestrade & Kees de Schepper) The distribution of labor between adpositions and case within complex spatial PPs. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF) 64.3, 256-274.


(with Ana Aguilar) Weak definites and reference to kinds. D. Lutz & N. Li, eds., Proceedings of SALT 20, 179-196.

(with Henriëtte de Swart). Optimization principles in the typology of number and articles. In B. Heine and H. Narrog, eds. Handbook of linguistic analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 555-582.

A hierarchy of locations: evidence from the encoding of direction in adpositions and cases. Linguistics 48.5, 983-1009

Forceful prepositions. In Vyvyan Evans and Paul Chilton, eds., Language, Cognition and Space: The State of the Art and New Directions. Equinox Publishing, 193-214.

Semantic map geometry: Two approaches. Linguistic Discovery 8.1, 377-395.

Author's Reply - Getting to the Points of a Semantic Map. Linguistic Discovery 8.1, 398-399.

Commentary on de Haan - Can Semantic Maps Be Built Purely Bottom-up? Linguistic Discovery 8.1, 123-124.

(with Petra Hendriks, Helen de Hoop, Irene Krämer and Henriëtte de Swart). Conflicts in Interpretation. London: Equinox Publishing.

(with Charlie Claessen) On the Dutch directional particle heen. In Jacqueline van Kampen and Rick Nouwen, eds., Linguistics in the Netherlands 2010. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 31-43.


Bare constructions in Dutch. Ms. Utrecht University.

(with Lotte Hogeweg, Sander Lestrade and Andrej Malchukov). Semantic markedness in gender opposition, blocking and fossilization. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 62.4, 325-343.

(with Henriëtte de Swart) Less form - more meaning: why bare singular nouns are special. Lingua 119, 280-295.

(with Kees de Schepper). Modal geometry: Remarks on the structure of a modal map. In Lotte Hogeweg, Helen de Hoop and Andrey Malchukov, eds., Cross-linguistic Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 245-269.

Boekbespreking van Constructions, Constraints, and Construal van Maaike BeliÎn. Nederlands Taalkunde 14.3, 382-385.

Semantic maps voor vogelnamen in Brabantse dialecten. Taal en Tongval Themanummer 20, 63-81.


Commentary on Croft and Poole, Inferring universals from grammatical variation: Multidimensional scaling for typological analysis. Theoretical Linguistics 34.1, 67-73.

(with Helen de Hoop). Case in formal semantics. In Andrej Malchukov and Andrew Spencer, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Case. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 170-181.

Aspects of a typology of direction. In Susan Rothstein, ed., Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics of Aspects. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 79-106.

(with Anna Asbury, Berit Gehrke, Henk van Riemsdijk) Introduction: Syntax and semantics of spatial P. In Anna Asbury, Jakub Dotlacil, Berit Gehrke & Rick Nouwen, eds., Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1-32.

Priorities in the production of prepositions. In Anna Asbury, Jakub Dotlacil, Berit Gehrke & Rick Nouwen, eds., Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 85-102.

(with Henriëtte de Swart). Article use across languages: An OT Typology. In Atle Grönn (ed.). Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 12. Oslo: University of Oslo, 628-644.


(with Norbert Corver and Jenny Doetjes, eds.) Special Issue: Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions. Lingua 117.5.

(with Gerlof Bouma and Irene Krämer, eds.) Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation. Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science.

Bare nominals and reference to capacities. (with Henriëtte de Swart and Yoad Winter). Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 25.1, 195-222.

(with Norbert Corver and Jenny Doetjes) Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions: Introduction. Lingua 117.5, 751-757.

(with Gerlof Bouma and Irene Krämer) Introduction: Interactions in interpretation. In Bouma et al., 1-4.

(with Gerlof Bouma, Petra Hendriks, Helen de Hoop, Irene Krämer and Henriëtte de Swart) Conflicts in interpretation. In Bouma et al., 39-68.

Number in Endo-Marakwet. In Mechthild Reh & Doris Payne, eds., Advances in Nilo-Saharan Linguistics: Proceedings of the 8th Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, University of Hamburg, August 22-25, 2001. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Publishers, 281-294.


(with Norbert Corver) Prepositional Numerals. Lingua 116.6, 811-835.

Event shape: Paths in the semantics of verbs. Paper presented at the Workshop on the geometric structure of events, Konstanz October 7-8, 2004.

Case marking direction: The accusative in German PPs. In J. Bunting et al. eds. CLS 42-2: Papers from the 42rd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 93-107.

Om en rond: een semantische vergelijking. Nederlandse Taalkunde 11.2, 101-123.


The case of prepositions: Government and compositionality in German PPs. Paper presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Israel Association for Theoretical Linguistics, Haifa, June 23, 2005.

(with Helen de Hoop) Formal Semantics and Cross-Linguistic Data. Online Proceedings of ESSLLI Workshop. Edinburgh.

Prepositional Aspect and the Algebra of Paths. Linguistics and Philosophy 28.6, 739-779.

(with Petra Hendriks and Helen de Hoop). Comparative paths to an optimal interpretation. In Emar Maier, Corien Bary, and Janneke Huitink, eds, Proceedings of SuB9. Nijmegen: NCS, 553-563.

(with Henriëtte de Swart and Yoad Winter). Bare predicate nominals in Dutch. In Emar Maier, Corien Bary, and Janneke Huitink, eds, Proceedings of SuB9, Nijmegen: NCS, 446-460.


The Phonology of Endo: A Southern Nilotic Language of Kenya. LINCOM Studies in African Linguistics 59. Muenchen: LINCOM GmbH.

(with Jan van Eijck) Formal Concept Analysis and Prototypes. In Werner Kuhn, Martin Raubal, Florian Probst and Krysztof Jonowicz, eds., Proceedings of the Workshop on the Potential of Cognitive Semantics for Ontologies (FOIS 2004), University of Muenster.

(with Henriëtte de Swart). Interpretation as conflict resolution. Ilha do desterro 47, 97-128.

Competition between Word Meanings: The Polysemy of (A)Round. In Cecile Meier & Matthias Weisgerber, eds., Proceedings of SuB8. Konstanz: University of Konstanz Linguistics Working Papers, 349-360.


Vectors across spatial domains: from place to size, orientation, shape and parts. In Emile van der Zee and John Slack, eds., Representing Direction in Language and Space. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 39-68.

Lexical Competition: 'Round' in English and Dutch. In Paul Dekker and Robert van Rooij, eds., Proceedings of the Fourteenth Amsterdam Colloquium. Amsterdam: ILLC, 229-234.

Paths round a prototype. In Patrick Saint-Dizier, ed., ACL-SIGSEM workshop: The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions and their Use in Computational Formalisms and Applications. Toulouse: IRIT, 228-238.


Review of Adverbs and Functional Heads by Guglielmo Cinque. In Notes on Linguistics 3.4, 227-229.

Review of Negation and Polarity: Syntactic and Semantic Perspectives, by Laurence R. Horn and Yasusiko Kato. In Notes on Linguistics 3.4, 229-230.


(with Yoad Winter) Vector space semantics: A model-theoretic analysis of locative prepositions. In Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9.2, 171-213.

External Arguments. In P. Coopmans, M. Everaert & J. Grimshaw, eds., Lexical Specification and Insertion, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 429-457.

Vectors across Spatial Domains: From Place to Size, Orientation, Shape and Parts. In Emile van der Zee and John Slack, eds., Proceedings of the Workshop on Axes and Vectors in Language and Space. University of Lincolnshire and Humberside, 105-118.

Review of Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy by Godehard Link. In Notes on Linguistics 2.4, 235-236.

Review of Projections and Interface Conditions: Essays on Modularity by Anna-Maria Di Sciullo. In Notes on Linguistics 3.1, 55-56.

Review of Parts and Wholes in Semantics by Friederike Moltmann. In Notes on Linguistics 3.2, 116-118.


Review of Syntactic Theory and the Structure of English: A Minimalist Approach, by Andrew Radford. In Notes on Linguistics 2.1, 56-58.


Vectors as Relative Positions: A compositional semantics of modified PPs. In Journal of Semantics 14, 57-86.

Complex prepositions and P-Stranding in Dutch. In Linguistics 35, 1091-1112.

Lexical and Functional Properties of Prepositions. In Dagmar Haumann & Stefan Schierholz, eds., Lexikalische und grammatische Eigenschaften präpositionaler Elemente, Niemeyer Verlag, 1-18.

(with Yoad Winter) A semantic characterization of locative PPs. In Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 7.


Review of Plurality, Conjunction and Events by Peter Lasersohn. In GLOT International 1.7, 16-18.

Rekenen met richting. In Nederlandse Taalkunde 1.3, 177-190.


Lexical and Functional Direction. In M. den Dikken & K. Hengeveld, eds., Linguistics in the Netherlands 1995, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 227-238.

The Semantics of Relative Position. In Mandy Simons & Teresa Galloway, eds., SALT V: Proceedings from Semantics and Linguistic Theory. CLC Publications (Cornell), 405-422.

Modification of Prepositions: Evidence for Vectors in Spatial Semantics. In P. Amsili, M. Borillo, L. Vieu, eds., Time, Space and Movement: Meaning and Knowledge of the Sensible World, Toulouse: Groupe Langue, Raisonnement, Calcul, 45-48.


(with Henk Verkuyl) An Algebra of Conceptual Structure. Linguistics and Philosophy 17, 1-28.

Een algebraïsche semantiek voor lokatieve PPs. In TABU Bulletin voor Taalwetenschap 24.3, 127-140.

A Vector-Based Semantics for Locative PPs. In H. Bunt, R. Muskens & G. Rentier, eds., Proceedings of the International Workshop on Computational Semantics, Tilburg: ITK, 221-230.

Pronouns and N-to-D Movement. In M. Everaert, B. Schouten & W. Zonneveld, eds., OTS Yearbook 1993, Utrecht: OTS, 93-112.


A Degree-Based Semantics for Bare Positive Adjectives. In J. Mead, ed., The Proceedings of the Eleventh West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Stanford: CSLI, 539-552.


X' Syntax - X' Semantics: On the Interpretation of Lexical and Functional Heads. Doctoral Dissertation, Utrecht University.

(with Henk Verkuyl) Time and Space in Conceptual and Logical Semantics: The Notion of Path. Linguistics 30, 483-511.

The Interpretation of Bare Plurals at Logical Form. In P. Coopmans, B. Schouten & W. Zonneveld, eds., OTS Yearbook 1991, Utrecht: OTS, 93-112.


The RP-Hypothesis. In J. van Lit, R. Mulder & R. Sybesma, eds., Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 2 Proceedings, Leiden: University of Leiden, 259-273.


Some Parallels between DP and IP. In R. Bok-Bennema & P. Coopmans, eds., Linguistics in the Netherlands 1990, Dordrecht: Foris Publications, 155-164.

Kinds and Generic Terms. In M. Stokhof & L. Torenvliet, eds., Proceedings of the Seventh Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam: ITLI, 685-706.


Statives and Habituals. In P. Coopmans, B. Schouten & W. Zonneveld, eds., OTS Yearbook 1989, Utrecht: OTS, 101-111.

Weak and Strong Noun Phrases and the DP-Hypothesis. In J. van Lit, R. Mulder & R. Sybesma, eds., Leiden Conference for Junior Linguists 1 Proceedings, Leiden: University of Leiden.